First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AGO2044497, A.A. 2014/15

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2013/14

Information on the course unit
Degree course First cycle degree in
IF0325, Degree course structure A.Y. 2013/14, A.Y. 2014/15
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Course unit English denomination FORAGE CROP PRODUCTION
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and the Environment
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction Italian

Teacher in charge STEFANO MACOLINO AGR/02

Integrated course for this unit
Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses AGR/02 Agronomy and Herbaceous Cultivation 6.0

Course unit organization
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Lecture 5.0 40 85.0 No turn

Start of activities 01/10/2014
End of activities 24/01/2015
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Examination board not defined


Common characteristics of the Integrated Course unit

Prerequisites: Knowledge and skills required for a full understanding of the course contents regards plant biology. There are not prerequisites.
Target skills and knowledge: The student will achieve knowledge on the main environmental and agronomic factors affecting yield and quality in crop production. Knowledge on the cultivation of field crops for animal feed will also achieved. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize the main field crops, identify the most suitable areas for their cultivation, know their uses, adopt the main elements of agronomic techniques for their cultivation and choose the optimal harvesting time.
Examination methods: The exam is written by tests with open-ended questions (during the course for the module of Forage-crop) and the practical recognition of seeds. There are no tests during the course but only one final test. In the absence of intermediate tests only one final test is expected.
Assessment criteria: The level of knowledge of the students will be evaluated by checking the acquisition of knowledge of specific agronomic and cultivation concepts, and through the verification of skills and competences (solving simple problems of dosage of seeds, fertilizers, irrigation water, agronomic techniques for achieving high levels of quality).

Specific characteristics of the Module

Course unit contents: 7° credit. Presentation of the module “Forage crops” and definition of the following terms: forage cropping, forage cultures, forage, forage plants, multifunctional forage cropping. Forage harvesting and utilization.
8° Credit. Main classification criteria of Fabacea forage crops. ALFALFA: agronomic value, botanical features, and cultivation practices related to productivity and forage quality; cultivars, seed production, and diseases.
9° credito. Morphological characteristics, environmental requirements, cultivation and utilization methods of the following species: BLACK MEDICK, RED CLOVER, WHITE CLOVER and OTHER FABACEAE FOR MEADOWS AND PASTURES (hybrid clover, bird’s-foot trefoil, common sainfoin, french honeysuckle, subterranean clover, kidney vetch).
10°credito. FABACEAE for forage crop: morphological characteristics, environmental requirements and cultivation methods of the following legumes with annual cycle: Trifolium incarnato, T. squarroso, T. alessandrino, T. persiano and T. vescicoloso; common vetch and hairy vetch; forage pea; and tick-bean. Oligophyte forage crops formed by annual legumes and grasses. POACEAE family: general morphological characteristics of perennial grasses (bunch-type hemicryptophyte) related to productivity and forage quality characteristics and utilization methods.
11°credito. POACEAE OF FORAGE INTEREST (Festuca arundinacea, Dactilys glomerata, Phleum pratense, Lolium multiflorum e L. perenne): morphological characteristics, environmental requirements, management practices, productivity, forage quality characteristics, and utilization methods. ROTATED FORAGE INTERCROPPING: aims of the intercropping, criteria of choice of the mixes, two-species intercropping, specific cultural practices for intercropping system.
PERMANENT MEADOWS (POLYPHYTES): main types of permanent meadow in northern Italy and their differential characteristics. Cultural practices used in the management of permanent meadows.
MOUNTAIN PASTURES: main types of mountain pasture in northern Italy and their differential characteristics. Grazing techniques and utilization methods.
12°credit. AUTUMN-SPRING FORAGE CROPS OF POACEAE: botanical characteristics, environmental requirements and cultivation practices relating to: rye, barley, wheat, oat and triticale.
MAIZE FORAGE CROP: plant characteristics; stages of the biological cycle (germination, vegetative stage, grain ripening); requirements and environmental adaptation; types of maize forage crop. Agronomic techniques for a silage maize crop, harvesting and conservation of ensiling forage.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Classroom lessons with slides from PPT (Powerful Presentation Techniques) concerning all topics.
Practical lessons at the Experimental Agricultural Farm of Padova University to learn about common forage crops, and in mountain environment to show pastures and permanent meadows.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Didactic material (slides from PPT) provided by the professor during the course.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Baldoni R. e Giardini L., Coltivazioni erbacee – 3.Foraggere e tappeti erbosi. --: Pàtron Editore, Bologna, 2002. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Betti S., Ligabue M. e Tabaglio V., Le piante foraggere.. --: L'Informatore agrario, 1992. Cerca nel catalogo