First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
MVL1005442, A.A. 2013/14

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2012/13

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
MV0991, Degree course structure A.Y. 2011/12, A.Y. 2013/14
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 10.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ANIMAL FEEDING AND NUTRITION
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge LUCIA BAILONI AGR/18
Other lecturers TEOFILO VAMERALI AGR/02

Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge Degree course code

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines AGR/02 Agronomy and Herbaceous Cultivation 4.0
Core courses AGR/18 Animal Nutrition and Feeding 6.0

Course unit organization
Period Second semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Type of hours Credits Teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Lecture 9.0 80 145.0 No turn

Start of activities 03/03/2014
End of activities 14/06/2014
Show course schedule 2019/20 Reg.2017 course timetable

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
7 Commissione valida dall'a.a. 2017/18 01/12/2017 30/11/2019 BAILONI LUCIA (Presidente)
VAMERALI TEOFILO (Membro Effettivo)
6 Commissione a.a. 2016/17 01/12/2016 30/11/2017 BAILONI LUCIA (Presidente)
VAMERALI TEOFILO (Membro Effettivo)
5 Commissione A.A. 2015/16 01/12/2015 30/11/2016 BAILONI LUCIA (Presidente)
VAMERALI TEOFILO (Membro Effettivo)
4 Commissione A.A. 2014/15 01/12/2014 30/11/2015 BAILONI LUCIA (Presidente)
VAMERALI TEOFILO (Membro Effettivo)
3 Commissione A.A. 2013/14 01/01/2014 30/11/2014 BAILONI LUCIA (Presidente)
VAMERALI TEOFILO (Membro Effettivo)
01/10/2009 31/12/2013 BAILONI LUCIA (Presidente)
BERTI ANTONIO (Membro Effettivo)
VAMERALI TEOFILO (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: The student will learn the principles of organic chemistry and have a solid foundation in anatomy of the digestive system and the processes of digestion, absorption and metabolism in companion and farm animals
Prerequisites: None.
Target skills and knowledge: The course provides the knowledge on the factors influencing digestibility and utilization of feeds in the animals. This course focuses on the special feature of the different parameters for the nutritional evaluation of feeds. The student will acquire the basic concepts of general botany and, in particular, the characteristics of plants used in animal feeding. Other objectives are to provide each student with main processes of preservation and utilization of forages, concentrates, mixed feeds and additives in the diets with some references to regulation of feed preparation and trade. Moreover, a special attention will be paid on the nutritional requirements of the companion and farm animals. Finally, the students should be able to formulate a balanced diet.
Examination methods: Practical and oral examination at the end of the course.

Partial tests:
Feeding of Farm Animals: oral examination at the end of the course
Crop production: examination: oral at the end of the course and identification of seed species

Feeding of Companion Animals: examination at the end of the course. The exam will be characterized by multiple choice questions, open questions and ration formulations exercises. For those students who do not succeed the exam at the first attempt or want to improve their previous vote, they will be asked either to argue 3 to 4 topics (written test) or to undergo to an oral examination.
Assessment criteria: Students’ knowledge will be evaluated considering both specific definitions given during the course but also by analyzing their capacity of applying the acquired knowledge:
- to evaluate chemical, physical and nutritional characteristics of feeds for farm animals and commercial foods for companion animals
- to recognize the symptoms of nutritional deficiencies and excesses in farm and companion animals
- to calculate daily nutritional requirements for the different species
- to formulate balanced rations.
Course unit contents: Animal Feeding and Nutrition (4 CFU)
Role of animal nutrition. The nutrients: functions and interactions, minimum requirements, optimal intake, recommended allowances. The concept of essentiality. Nutritional evaluation of feeds: chemical composition. Digestibility of feeds. The nutritive value of feeds: utilization of energy and systems for the evaluation of energy in feeds. Estimation of protein value of feeds for ruminants and monogastric animals: rumen degradation and biological value. Palatability and voluntary intake. Nutritional requirements for maintenance, growth, lactation and pregnancy, physical activity. Classification of feeds based on the origin and the nutrients content: nutritional and dietetic characteristics. Labeling. Current regulation on the preparation and trade of feed and additives in animal nutrition. Practical activities: laboratory of chemical-physical and biological analyses of feeds.

Feeding of Farm Animals (2 CFU)
Feeding of ruminants. The rumen function. Microorganism role and growth efficiency. Kinetics of the rumen degradation. Evaluation systems of protein in ruminants. Role of the fiber in ruminants. Feed intake. Pasture and forages. Concentrates. Nutritional requirements of bovines, sheep, goats and buffaloes. Formulation of balanced diets. Antinutritional factors. Ruminants feeding and environmental impact. Ruminants feeding and quality of animal origin products (milk, meat and derivates).
Feeding of monogastrics. The concept of ideal protein. Role of the fiber in monogastrics. Feed intake. The ingredients of the diets and mixed feeds. Additives and probiotics. Nutritional requirements of swine and poultry. Formulation of balanced diets. Antinutritional factors. Monogastrics feeding and environmental impact. Monogastrics feeding and quality of animal origin products (meat and derivates, eggs).

Crop production (4 CFU)
Variety and morpho-physiological characteristics, nutritional value and digestibility, harvest technique and preservation, contamination risks (mycotoxins), antinutritional factors, physical and chemical treatments on feeds, utilization in ruminants and monogastrics, effects on animal health and quality of animal productions, in the main herbaceous crop species.
Winter cereals: wheat, flour and by-products in milling, barley and by-products in beer production, oats, rye, secalotriticum, buckwheat, quinoa. Summer cereals: maize for grains and silage, rice and by-products. Plant for roots: forage beet, sugar beet and by-products in sugar production (molasses, beet slices, dead wash), carrot. Plant for proteins: soybean, field beans.
Meals after oil extraction: sunflower, oilseed rape.
Forages: meadows and pastures of Gramineous and Leguminous.
Lab sessions: identification of the main crop products for animal feed (grains and concentrates).

Feeding of Companion Animals (2 CFU)
Feeding of dogs and cats: comparative digestive physiology of dogs and cats. Requirements of water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. Nutrients deficiencies and excesses. Characteristics of the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in dogs and cats. Energy requirements and formulation of diets for dogs and cats at maintenance. Chemical and physical characteristics of commercial pet foods.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course is organized as follows:
lectures = 56

(food safety)
lectures = 86
Exercises in laboratory = 10

The course is completed with the activities planned for the practical training (“tirocinio”) that the student must perform in the first person (hands on) under the supervision of a teacher.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The slides used for lectures are available on the Moodle platform.
The attendance is mandatory (50% of the direct teaching activities and 90% of the practical activities).

Office hours: daily by appointment with the teacher.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Antongiovanni M. e Gualtieri M., Nutrizione e alimentazione animale. Bologna, I: Ed. Edagricole, 1998. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Mc Donald P., Edwards R.A., Greenhalgh J.F.D. Morgan C.A., Animal Nutrition. Essex, UK: Prentice Hall, 2002.
  • Arienti G., Le basi molecolari della nutrizione. Padova, I: Piccin Editore, 2003. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Sauvant D., Perez J.M., Tran G., Tables of composition and nutritional value of feed materials. Paris, F: Wageningen Academic Publishers, INRA Editions., 2002. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Van Soest P.J., Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant. Cornell, USA: Ed Cornell University Press, USA., 1994. Cerca nel catalogo
  • National Research Council, Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2000. Cerca nel catalogo
  • National Research Council, Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2001. Cerca nel catalogo
  • National Research Council, Nutrient requirements of swine. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2012. Cerca nel catalogo
  • National Research Council, Nutrient requirements of horses. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2007. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Baldoni R., Giardini L., Coltivazioni erbacee. Bologna, I: Patron Editore, 2000. Cerca nel catalogo
  • National Research Council, Nutrient requirements of dogs and cats. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2006. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Case L.P., Carey D.P., Hirakawa D.A. and Daristotle L., Canine and Feline Nutrition. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Mosby, 2000. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Hand M.S., Thatcher C.D., Remillard R.L., Roudebush P., Novotny., B.J., Small Animal Clinical Nutrition. Topeka, Kansas, USA: Mark Morris Institute, 2010. Cerca nel catalogo