Second cycle degree in MATHEMATICS

Campus: PADOVA

Language: English

Teaching period: First Semester


Number of ECTS credits allocated: 6

Prerequisites: The topics of the following courses: Algebra, Calculus.
Examination methods: Written exam
Course unit contents: First Part: Basic theoretical facts: Modular arithmetic. Prime numbers. Little Fermat theorem. Chinese remainder theorem. Finite fields: order of an element and primitive roots. Pseudoprimality tests. Agrawal-Kayal-Saxena's test. RSA method: first description, attacks. Rabin's method and its connection with the integer factorization. Discrete logarithm methods. How to compute the discrete log in a finite field. Elementary factorization methods. Some remarks on Pomerance's quadratic sieve.
Second Part: Protocols and algorithms. Fundamental crypto algorithms. Symmetric methods (historical ones, DES, AES) . Asymmetric methods. Attacks. Digital signature. Pseudorandom generators (remarks). Key exchange, Key exchange in three steps, secret splitting, secret sharing, secret broadcasting, timestamping. Signatures with RSA and discrete log.