First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
PHYSICS
Course unit
COSMOLOGY
SCN1035989, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
PHYSICS
SC2382, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2017/18
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Degree course track PHYSICS OF THE UNIVERSE [003PD]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination COSMOLOGY
Website of the academic structure http://fisica.scienze.unipd.it/2017/laurea_magistrale
Department of reference Department of Physics and Astronomy
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Branch PADOVA

Lecturers
Teacher in charge SABINO MATARRESE FIS/05

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses FIS/05 Astronomy and Astrophysics 6.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 26/02/2018
End of activities 01/06/2018

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Fundamentals of Cosmology and Astrophysics
Target skills and knowledge: The goal of this lecture course is to make the students familiar with some of the most important research subjects of modern cosmology, as well as provifding them with some of the fundamental tools used to analyse and interpret cosmological data.
Examination methods: The exam of this course can be made in two alternative ways:
1. Oral interview on the main topics analyzed during the course.
2. (only for the students who attended the course) Short writtenm dissertation on a topic discussed during the course, to be agreed with the lecturer. The dissertation should contain a detailed of the chosen sunbject, based upon one or a few review articles (and or some cosmology textbook chapters).
The content of this dissertation, to be discussed with the professor is expected to show how much the student has
becokem acquainted with the main concepts presented in the lectures.
Assessment criteria: Ability of the student to elaborate on and make use of the subjects presented in the course.
Course unit contents: General introduction

• Derivation of the Friedmann eqs. from Einstein's eqs. (after a very synthetic introduction to the latter), assuming the Robertson-Walker line-element.

The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) Radiation

• Boltzmann eq. and hydrogen recombination: beyond Saha equation
• The Boltzmann eq. in the perturbed universe: the photon distribution function
• The collision term
• Boltzmann eq. for photons in the linear approximation
• Boltzmann eq. for cold dark matter (CDM) in the linear approximation
• Boltzmann eq. for baryons in the linear approx.
• Evolution eq. for the photon brightness function
• Linearly perturbed Einstein's equations (scalar modes)
• Initial conditions
• Super-horizon evolution
• Acoustic oscillations and tight coupling
• Free-streaming – role of the visibility function
• Evolution of gravitazional potential and Silk damping
• Temperature anisotropy multipoles
• Angular power-spectrum of the temperature anisotropy
• Sachs-Wolfe effect
• Small angular scales: acoustic peaks and their dependence on cosmological parameters

The gravitational instability

• Gravitational instability in the expanding Universe
• Boltzmann eq. for a system of collisionless particles and the fluid limit
• The Zel’dovich approximation
• The adhesion approximation
• Solution of the 3D Burgers equation

Statistical methods in cosmology

• The ergodic and the “fair sample” hypotheses
• N-point correlation functions
• Power-spectrum and Wiener-Khintchine theorem
• Low-pass filtering techniques
• Up-crossing regions and peaks of the density fluctuation field
• Gaussian and non-Gaussian random fields
• The path-integral approach to cosmological fluctuation fields
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Classrooms, including some computer worked examples.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Professor's notes on esentially all the subjects covered during the course.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Dodelson, S., Modern Cosmology. Amsterdam: Academic Press, 2003. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Coles P. and Lucchin F., Cosmology: The Origin and Evolution of Cosmic Structure. Chichester: Wiley and Sons, 2001. Cerca nel catalogo