First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Medicine
Course unit
MEP6076777, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course 6 years single cycle degree in
ME1726, Degree course structure A.Y. 2015/16, A.Y. 2017/18
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 4.0
Type of assessment Mark
Department of reference Department of Medicine
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction English

Teacher in charge DENISA MURARU MED/11

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines MED/11 Cardiovascular Diseases 4.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period Second semester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 26/02/2018
End of activities 01/06/2018

Prerequisites: This course is designed for medical students who are interested in learning the fundamental principles of three-dimensional imaging and understanding its benefits for diagnosis and treatment in cardiovascular diseases, as well as for medical training in comparison with conventional tomographic methods.

• 5th or 6th-year students of Medical School
• Knowledge of English language
• General interest in three-dimensional imaging of cardiac anatomy and pathologies
• Special interest in using modern teaching equipment (manikin simulator and three-dimensional virtual heart model, HeartWorks - Inventive Medical Ltd, UK) for acquiring basic skills in performing focused ultrasound examinations
Target skills and knowledge: The course is designed into a theoretical part and a practical part.

By attending the theoretical part, the student will be able to:
- Learn functional anatomy of cardiac structures in normal and diseased hearts
- Recognize the main cardiac structures and pathologies from three-dimensional anatomic rendered images
- Assess the three-dimensional morphology of cardiac chambers and valves, and their spatial relationships
- Understand the advantages and limitations of three-dimensional imaging methods in comparison with conventional tomographic views.

By attending the practical part, the student will be able to:
- Use the virtual three-dimensional heart model to learn the cardiac anatomy and understand the spatial relationships among cardiac structures
- Use the manikin simulator to acquire basic practical skills in performing focused ultrasound examinations required in emergency settings
- Use three-dimensional echocardiography software tools to obtain anatomic views of the cardiac structures obtained from real patients (with a special focus on cardiac valve morphology and function) and assess their dynamic function in the beating heart.
Examination methods: The exam will be based on multiple-choice Q&As. Questions will include both theoretical aspects, as well as image interpretation based on images and clips discussed during the course lessons.
Assessment criteria: The evaluation criteria will include:
1. level of interaction during the course
2. practical skills during the practical part
3. score obtained at the final exam
Course unit contents: This is a theoretical-practical course. The course is organized into: 16 lessons, each lesson including 1h of theory and 1h of practice on computer/manikin, separated by 15’ break. In addition, 2 hands-on sessions will be entirely dedicated on additional practical training using the manikin and revision of students’ practical skills.
The entire course duration will cover a total of 50 hours.

- Due to the logistics required to run the practical session, the number of attendees will be limited to a maximum of 20 students.
- All course content (presentations, demonstrations, slides etc) and the final exam will be held in English. Interaction from attending students will be welcome in either English or Italian language.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course will include:
- Powerpoint presentations of fundamental principles, using an image-/case-based interactive learning format
- Examples of three-dimensional technology applied across all imaging modalities (echocardiography, cardiac CT, CMR, fusion imaging, holographic rendering etc)
- A total of 16 hours dedicated to live demonstrations on computer/manikin using realistic animated cardiac anatomy correlated to simulated ultrasound images.
- Practical tutorials led by teacher and including individual practice by each student using high-end software and teaching equipment
Additional notes about suggested reading: 1. HeartWorks Manipulating the 3D Heart Tutorial
2. HeartWorks Cardiac Anatomy Module with Text Book
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Faletra, F.F., Imaging-based right-atrial anatomy by computed tomography,magnetic resonance imaging, and three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardio. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging: --, 2013. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Ho, S.Y., Anatomy of the left atrium for interventional echocardiography.. Eur J Echocardiogr: --, 2011. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Faletra, F.F., Anatomy of Right Atrial Structures by Real-Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography. JACC Cardiovascular Imaging: --, 2010. Cerca nel catalogo