First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Course unit
AVP7079881, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2017/18

Information on the course unit
Degree course 5 years single cycle degree in
MV0991, Degree course structure A.Y. 2017/18, A.Y. 2017/18
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 5.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ZOOLOGY (MOD. C)
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit CANNOT be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge TOMASO PATARNELLO BIO/05

Integrated course for this unit
Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Basic courses BIO/05 Zoology 5.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period First trimester
Year 1st Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
Hours of
Individual study
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 2
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/10/2017
End of activities 01/12/2017


Common characteristics of the Integrated Course unit

Prerequisites: The student should have basic knowledge of Biology, be familiar with the main feature of eukariotyc cell; be familiar with basic cellular biology and cellular biochemistry.
Target skills and knowledge: The student will acquire basic understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate gene transcription and translation, with special attention to the control of gene expression. The student will also acquire the basis of recombinant DNA technology, with special emphasis to the practical aspects of genetic engineering and biotechnologies. The student will acquire also the basic concepts dealing with DNA structure, cell cycle, Mendelian genetics, genetic linkage, pedigrees and population genetics. Learn to know the major animal groups, having relevance in veterinary medicine, and the evolutionary processes that generated the current diversity of phyla. Finally the student will gain the basic concepts of structures and organization in the following tissues: covering epithelia (including skin and skin derivatives), glandular epithelia, connective, muscular and nervous. The student will acquire knowledge of molecular and cellular mechanisms that occur during development; the study of foetal membranes in animals of veterinary interest will be of particular significance.
Examination methods: Written examination
Assessment criteria: The student will be evaluated on the basis of his/her acquired knowledge on the main biological process at molecular levels. The knowledge of the main modern applications of molecular biology techniques will be also evaluated. The student will be also evaluated for the capability to recognize histological slides showed during the course as well as for the mastery in systematic zoology. More generally the student will be evaluated on the basis of the knowledge acquired during the course and on the ability to use and present the concepts and topics learned.

Specific characteristics of the Module

Course unit contents: Classroom teaching: General biology. DNA structure: the DNA as material containing the genetic information, the double helix model, mechanisms of replication, structure of the eukaryote chromosome. Cell cycle: chromosomic theory of heredity, cell division, mitosis, meiosis, genetic recombination, crossing-over. Mendelian genetics: definition of relation between genotype and phenotype, homozygosis/heterozygosis. Mendel (balanced segregation and independent assortment of characters). Extensions of Mendelian analysis: reaction norm, phenotypic plasticity, penetrance and expressivity, multiple allelism, epistasis and pleiotropy. Genetic association: deviations from Mendelian segregation, physic association between two (or more) characters (genes), distance between character located on the same chromosome, recombinant phenotypes and calculation of map distance between associated genes. Genealogical trees: symbols of genealogical trees and their creation, analysis of a genealogical tree to evaluate the mode of transmission of a character (dominant or recessive), mode of transmission of sex-linked characters (X-linked).
Population genetics: allelic frequencies and phenotypic frequencies, the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Evolutionary forces: mutation, migration, natural selection and genetic drift, balanced polymorphism.
Evolution and Systematic. Speciation: species concept, reproductive barriers, models of speciation (sympatric, parapatric, allopatric). Phylogenetic reconstruction and biological classification: concept of homology and analogy, phylogenetic analysis to identify the relationships among taxa on morphological and molecular bases; the body-plan concept and its application to the animal phyla.
Systematic and evolution of animal phyla focused on those having a veterinary interest: Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Acanthocephala, Annelida, Mollusca, Artrhopoda, Echinodermata, Chordata.

Laboratory: Dissection of animals of veterinary interest. Identification of species of veterinary interest by the use of dichotomous keys.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course includes:
lectures = 32 hours
laboratory = 8 hours
Additional notes about suggested reading: The material used for lessons (Powerpoint slides) is made available on the Moodle platform (

Office hours: daily by appointment with the teacher.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Solomon, Berg, Martin, Fondamenti di Biologia (Cap. 1-21).. --: Edises, Edizioni Scientifiche Universitarie, --.
  • Solomon, Berg, Martin, Solomon, Berg, Martin – La diversità della vita (Cap. 22-30).. --: Edises, Edizioni Scientifiche Universitarie, --.
  • E.E. Rupert, R.S. Fox, R.D. Barnes, Zoologia degli Invertebrati. Padova: Piccin, 2007.
  • C.P. Hickman Jr., L.S. Roberts, S.L. Keen, D.J. Eisenhour , A. Larson, H. I’Anson, Diversità animale 15/ed. --: Mcgraw-Hill, 2012.