First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
Course unit
SC03100535, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
SC1178, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2017/18
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination ASTRONOMY
Website of the academic structure
Department of reference Department of Biology
Mandatory attendance
Language of instruction Italian
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge GIUSEPPE GALLETTA FIS/05

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Core courses FIS/05 Astronomy and Astrophysics 6.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 6.0 48 102.0 No turn

Start of activities 02/10/2017
End of activities 19/01/2018

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
6 ASTRONOMIA 2016-2017 01/10/2016 30/11/2017 GALLETTA GIUSEPPE (Presidente)
BETTONI DANIELA (Membro Effettivo)

Prerequisites: The course requires some knowledges of Physics , Mathematics , General Chemistry.
Target skills and knowledge: Knowledge of the structure of celestial bodies and of the physical mechanisms producing astronomical phenomena . Critical ability to analyse a popular article of Astronomy.
Examination methods: Oral examinations.
Assessment criteria: Knowledge of the topics presented in the lectures.
Ability to discuss and present clearly the topics of the course even to those who are new to Astronomy.
Course unit contents: The stars and the birth of the Sun. Structure of the Sun: origin of the solar power, solar activity. Structure of the Solar System. Laws of the motion of the planets: Newton, Kepler, Titius-Bode. Origin of the planets. Protoplanetary disk and Early Heavy Bombardment of planets. The interior of the planets: sources of energy, core, mantle, crust, isostatic equilibrium. The planetary magnetospheres. Morphology of the rocky planets: the highlands, impact craters, faults and lowlands. Volcanoes in the solar system. Light. Laws of the luminous flux, magnitude. Astronomical distances: parallax and distance modulus. Laws of the blackbody. Spectral continuum, emission and absorption lines, Doppler effect. The stars: spectral classification and the HR diagram. Collapse and star formation. Brown dwarfs. Nuclear fusion. Synthesis of chemical elements. Phases of red giant. Planetary nebulae. White dwarfs. Evolution of large masses stars: supernovae. Supernova remnants. Neutron stars, pulsars and black holes. The periodic table of the elements and the stellar nucleosynthesis. Gas and dust in the Galaxy. Galaxies: morphological classification. The rotation of galaxies, mass and density. Photometry of galaxies: the distribution of stars. Formation of galaxies and their evolution. Processes of collision and merger between galaxies. Active galactic nuclei. Blacks holes and galactic quasars. Local Group of galaxies. The hierarchical structure of the universe. Expansion of the Universe and the Big Bang. Background radiation. Models of the Universe. Gravitation and cosmic mirages. Dark matter and dark energy.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Classroom lectures and multimedial supports (powerpoint presentations and movies)
Additional notes about suggested reading: Powerpoint presentations annually updated, provided by the teacher at the end of the lectures on digital support or printed.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • M.A. Seeds, Foundations of Astronomy. --: Wadsworth (Thomson Publishing Company), --. in inglese Cerca nel catalogo
  • J. Bennett, M. Donahue, N. Schneider, M. Voit, The essential Cosmic Perspective. --: Pearson, --. in inglese Cerca nel catalogo