First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Science
PHYSICS
Course unit
RADIOACTIVITY AND NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS
SCP5073119, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
FISICA
SC1171, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2017/18
N0
bring this page
with you
Degree course track Common track
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination RADIOACTIVITY AND NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS
Website of the academic structure http://fisica.scienze.unipd.it/2017/laurea_magistrale_2014
Department of reference Department of Physics and Astronomy
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/dfa/course/view.php?idnumber=2017-SC1171-000ZZ-2016-SCP5073119-N0
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Branch PADOVA
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge MARCO MAZZOCCO FIS/01
Other lecturers VALERIA CONTE
SANDRA MORETTO FIS/01
FRANCESCO RECCHIA FIS/01
FERNANDO SCARLASSARA FIS/01

Mutuated
Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge Degree course code
SCP7081740 RADIOACTIVITY AND NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS MARCO MAZZOCCO SC2382

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines FIS/04 Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics 6.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 2.0 16 34.0 4
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 02/10/2017
End of activities 19/01/2018

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Syllabus
Prerequisites: The student must have attended the courses of "Introduction of Nuclear Physics" and "Nuclear Physics"
Target skills and knowledge: Introduction to "contemporary" Nuclear Physics. The main fields of research on experimental Nuclear Physics will be presented, and particular attention will be paid to the experimental activity presently going on at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro and to experiments performed with Radioactive Ion Beams.
Examination methods: Oral examination. The student will be asked some questions concerning the different topics presented during the lectures. It is also foreseen a detailed analysis of one of the arguments by the student.
Assessment criteria: Knowledge of the student.
Clarity of the oral exposition.
Degree of personal detailed study.
Course unit contents: Radioactive decays. Summaries of the interaction of charged and neutral particles with matter in the energy range of nuclear physics and detection techniques.
Low energy nuclear energy: Ion accelerators: ion source, beam transport, magnetic analysis. Magnetic spectrometers, neutron detectors, charged particles and gamma radiation.
Dynamics of heavy ion reactions: the different types of nuclear reactions from elastic diffusion to complete fusion. Identification Techniques of Reaction Products, Detector Telescopes. Measurements of cross-section at energies around the Coulomb barrier. Angular distributions and excitation functions.
Gamma spectroscopy: energy calibration of gamma spectra, efficiency evaluation, activity computation. Angular distribution, multipolarity and polarization. Angular correlation and nuclear state description with statistical tensor. Average lifetime of excited states: electronic method, plunger, DSAM, Mossbauer.
Radioactive Beams: Production Methods "ISOL" and "IN-FLIGHT": Reactions with Secondary ISOL Beams: Coulombian excitation, nucleon transfer. Reactions with relativistic secondary beams: Coulombian and inelastic excitation, knock-out, charge exchange. Beta Decay: Measurements with Isol and In-flight beams, Total absorption spectrometry. Beta-delayed neutron emission.
Nuclear astrophysics: Exploring the nuclear reactions in the stars and the synthesis of elements, Gamow peak, S-factor. Deriving the thermonuclear reaction rate. Dependence on the temperature of the nuclear reaction rate. Combustion cycles: Combustion of hydrogen through the p-p chain and the CNO cycle. Helium combustion with 3-alpha and alpha + C reactions. Advanced nuclear combustion reactions. Relevant cross section measurements: direct underground measurements, indirect Trojan-horse measures, etc.
Low radioactivity techniques: The problem of environmental radioactivity, a good shielding material, a screening of shielding materials (lead, iron, OFHC copper, mercury). The Rn as contaminant in low radioactivity measures. Intrinsic Detector Radioactivity. Effects of cosmic radiation.
Applications: Date with radionuclides. Radionuclides in nuclear medicine. The melting of light nuclei for energy production. About nuclear reactors. Mass spectrometry with accelerators for trace analysis. Non destructive analysis with neutron activation.
Additional notes about suggested reading: Review articles and scientific publications provided by the teacher during the lectures.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Krane, Kenneth S., Introductory nuclear physicsKenneth S. Krane. Hoboken: NJ, Wiley, 1987. Cerca nel catalogo
  • Knoll, Glenn F., Radiation detection and measurementGlenn F. Knoll. New York \etc.!: Wiley & Sons, --. Cerca nel catalogo