First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Engineering
Course unit
INO2043274, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
IN0526, Degree course structure A.Y. 2014/15, A.Y. 2017/18
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Number of ECTS credits allocated 9.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination SPACE OPTICS INSTRUMENTATION
Department of reference Department of Industrial Engineering
E-Learning website
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Teacher in charge GIAMPIERO NALETTO FIS/01

Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge Degree course code

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines FIS/01 Experimental Physics 9.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
Hours of
Individual study
Lecture 9.0 72 153.0 No turn

Start of activities 25/09/2017
End of activities 19/01/2018

Examination board
Board From To Members of the board
4 a.a. 2016/17 01/10/2016 30/11/2017 NALETTO GIAMPIERO (Presidente)
DA DEPPO VANIA (Supplente)

Prerequisites: Good knowledge of basic physics.
Target skills and knowledge: The student will acquire the knowledge of the basic concepts of geometrical and wave optics, and of the optics instrumentation, with some emphasis on instrumentation and sensors used on satellite.

The student will acquire the knowledge of the main satellite observation techniques, for both planetary science (remote sensing) and astrophysical observation; to this end, the student will see several satellite instruments. Instrumentation operative in all the spectral bands will be described, both for remote sensing and for astronomical observations.
Examination methods: Slide projection. Lecture notes available before lecturing.
Assessment criteria: 1. Oral test on the course program
2. Project report on a space instrument and discussion
Course unit contents: Electromagnetic waves. Maxwell's equations, wave equation, electromagnetic spectrum.
Geometrical optics. Concept of ray, reflection and refraction laws. Object and image, ideal lens, paraxial optics. Thin lenses, imaging, ocular, astronomical and terrestrial telescopes. Flat and aspheric mirrors, conic function, spherical mirrors, image formation with mirrors. Aberrations.
Astronomical telescopes: Gregorian, Newtonian, Cassegrain, Dall-Kirkham, Ritchie-Chretien, Schmidt, Maksutov, Wolter. in Telescopes and diffraction, Airy function, angular resolution. PSF, reflectivity, obscuration, diffused light, materials.
Elements of interference theory of between waves and applications. Interference between light waves (principles). Interferometers. Principles of stellar interferometry. Interferometry N elements, the "long baseline interferometry, the" null-interferometry. "
Elements of diffraction and spectroscopy. Diffraction by a rectangular slit. Dispersing elements. Spectroscopic systems. Czerny-Turner configuration. Concave grating: Rowland mount, Offner and Wadsworth. Variable line spacing grating: Harada configuration. Echelle mounting. Iperspectrum.
Introduction to photoemission detectors. Photoelectric effect. Quantum efficiency. Photocathode, photomultiplier, channeltron, MCP. MCP detectors, readout anode single and multianode.
Introduction to semiconductor detectors. Atomic theory, semiconductors. Photodiodes and HCT. CCD operation and configurations. Passive and active CMOS (APS). Hybrid detectors.
The weather satellite Meteosat. Meteosat imaging mode, the payload, the telescope and the focal plane; MTP and MSG, SEVIRI. MTG; MTG instrumentation.
The remote sensing SPOT satellite. SPOT orbit spectral bands; HRG telescope and focal plane, push-broom mode, the "super mode" HRG, HRS, stereoscopic vision.
Wide Angle Camera for the Rosetta space mission. The WAC Rosetta, optical design, features, mirrors, theoretical optical performance, filters, shutter, tolerance analysis, thermal analysis, alignment set-up and calibration, measurement of the PSF, distortion, thermal-vacuum measurements, temperature depending focusing, integration. Flight performance.
The Hubble Space Telescope. Telescope, focal plane instruments, FOS, HRS, HSP, WF/PC1, FOC, COSTAR; WF/PC2, optical design, STIS, optical design, detector; NICMOS, optical design, dewars, optical quality; ACS, optical design, mechanical scheme, detectors. Servicing Mission 4 and present instruments.
The XMM Newton satellite. The multi-mirror telescopes. Instruments: the RGS spectrometer, EPIC cameras, the Optical Monitor.
The Herschel satellite. Description of the satellite. Focal plane instruments: the systems of imaging and spectroscopy PACS and SPIRE, the HIFI spectrometer.
The Fermi satellite. The Large Area Telescope and the GLAST Burst Monitor.
The SAR technique. Operation of radar applications, Doppler effect, the polarization of the radar beam; SAR technique, parameters, resolution in range and azimuth, basic configuration, data processing, synthetic aperture, image distortion, SAR stereoscopic topography, interferometric SAR. Applications.
The coronography solar satellite. The coronagraphs LASCO and UVCS on SOHO.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: The course consists of front lectures, where the course topics are detailed described.
Additional notes about suggested reading: There is no reference book for the course, but only the lecture notes.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)