First cycle
degree courses
Second cycle
degree courses
Single cycle
degree courses
School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Course unit
CROP PHYSIOLOGY
AVP5073918, A.A. 2017/18

Information concerning the students who enrolled in A.Y. 2016/17

Information on the course unit
Degree course Second cycle degree in
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
AV2293, Degree course structure A.Y. 2016/17, A.Y. 2017/18
N0
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Degree course track SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE [001LE]
Number of ECTS credits allocated 6.0
Type of assessment Mark
Course unit English denomination CROP PHYSIOLOGY
Website of the academic structure http://www.agrariamedicinaveterinaria.unipd.it
Department of reference Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and the Environment
E-Learning website https://elearning.unipd.it/scuolaamv/course/view.php?idnumber=2017-AV2293-001LE-2016-AVP5073918-N0
Mandatory attendance No
Language of instruction English
Branch LEGNARO (PD)
Single Course unit The Course unit can be attended under the option Single Course unit attendance
Optional Course unit The Course unit can be chosen as Optional Course unit

Lecturers
Teacher in charge TEOFILO VAMERALI AGR/02

Mutuated
Course unit code Course unit name Teacher in charge Degree course code
AVP5073918 CROP PHYSIOLOGY TEOFILO VAMERALI AG0063

ECTS: details
Type Scientific-Disciplinary Sector Credits allocated
Educational activities in elective or integrative disciplines AGR/02 Agronomy and Herbaceous Cultivation 6.0

Mode of delivery (when and how)
Period First semester
Year 2nd Year
Teaching method frontal

Organisation of didactics
Type of hours Credits Hours of
teaching
Hours of
Individual study
Shifts
Practice 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Laboratory 1.0 8 17.0 No turn
Lecture 4.0 32 68.0 No turn

Calendar
Start of activities 02/10/2017
End of activities 19/01/2018

Examination board
Examination board not defined

Syllabus
Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of Biology and plant anatomy, Biochemistry and Agronomy.
Target skills and knowledge: The course provides fundamental knowledge on shoot and root morphology and functioning of the main field crops in order to improve productivity and sustainability of their cultivation. Emphasis is given to limits of crop yield and mechanisms of plant adaptation to reduced agricultural inputs.
Examination methods: Final written exam regarding concepts and their application.
Assessment criteria: There will be considered the level of knowledge and the ability to relate different topics.
Course unit contents: Credit 1: Introduction to crop physiology, development and phenology, crop senescence, yield components; crop growth and yield simulation models.
Credit 2: The influence of environment and agricultural management on crop development and phenology (germination, emergence, growth/development, flowering and grain filling stages, maturity). Interception of solar radiation by the canopy. CO2 leaf exchanges (C3 and C4 plants) and relationship with the environment (including climate changes). Dry matter partitioning to harvested organs. The life history of a leaf (leaf formation and expansion, senescence), stem branching and termination.
Credit 3: Indices of growth analysis (plant area index, leaf area index, leaf area duration, crop growth rate, net assimilation rate) in winter and summer cereals.
Credit 4: Growth analysis applied to various species (soybean, rapeseed, sunflower, maize, sugar beet, etc.).
Credit 5: Limits to crop yield; limitation by water and nitrogen supply. Root architecture and dynamics over cycle of various species; observation and measurements of fibrous roots. Biological nitrogen fixation and methods of determination.
Credit 6: Plant and crop responses to abiotic stress: deficit/excess of water and nutrients, soil compaction, temperature. Interaction with pollutants (metals/organics) and principles of phytoremediation / biofortification.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods: There will be 48 hours of lectures, 15 of which regarding practical activities in laboratory/open field/experimental farm.
Additional notes about suggested reading: The lecture material will come from the class textbook and from the teaching slides.
Textbooks (and optional supplementary readings)
  • Hamel, Chantal; Smith, Donald L., Crop yield - physiology and processes Donald L. Smith, Chantal Hamel (eds.). Berlin [etc.]: Springer, 1999.
  • Fageria, N. K.; Clark, R. B., Physiology of crop productionN.K. Fageria, V.C. Baligar, R.B. Clark. New York [etc.!: Food Products Press, 2006.