GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY

Second cycle degree in ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

Campus: PADOVA

Language: English

Teaching period: First Semester

Lecturer: RAFFAELE SASSI

Number of ECTS credits allocated: 6


Syllabus
Examination methods: Oral test.
During the examination students are required to classify 2 rock specimens and interpret a geological section.
Course unit contents: Propedeutical concepts. Earth internal structure and outline on plate tectonics. Mineralogy. Mineral properties. Outline on silicate structures and classification. Clay minerals. Diagnostic methods. Petrology and petrography. Magmatic, sedimentary and metamorphic processes and related rocks.. Structural geology. Folds; faults; overthrusting and tectonic nappes. Outline on mechanichs of rock materials. Geomorphology. Landscapes forms and their evolution in the glacial, eolic, coastal, fluvial, carsic environment. Mass movement and slope stability. Laboratory. Identification and classification of rocks on hand specimens. Geologic maps and sections: practical examples. Chemical differentiation of the Earth. Geospheres. Geochemical classification of the elements. Chemical fractionation. Geochemistry of the petrogenic process. Weathering. Dissolution, hydrolysis and oxidation. Silicate, carbonate and sulphide weathering. Soils Geochemistry. Clay minerals. Soils mineralogy. Soil composition and classification. Geochemistry of surface water. Geochemical survey. Geochemical anomalies. Sampling. Organizing a report on Environmental geochemistry. Analytical methods. Sample preparation. Introduction to SEM, XRPD, XRF, EMP analytic techniques.