
ENVIRONMENTAL FLUID MECHANICS
Prerequisites:

Mathematical Analysis 1,2; Physics 1; Hydraulics, Transport Phenomena 
Course unit contents:

General principles: mass and energy balances; molecular diffusion; solutions of the advectiondiffusion equation. Ensemble and temporal averages; ensemble mean concentration; ensemble mean cloud and ensemble mean of clouds; turbulent diffusion; turbulent diffusion coefficients. Hydrodynamic dispersion; depth averaged mass conservation equation and related mixing coefficients; longitudinal mixing in a plane flow (Elder approach); cross sectionally averaged mass conservation equation; derivation of the longidutinal dispersion coefficient and estimation methodologies. Transport and mixing in rivers: mass balance equation; StreeterPhelps equation and its improvements. Dissolved Oxygen dynamics in wide rivers and estuaries. Transport and mixing in lakes: compartimentalization; analogies with the heat advectiondiffusion; examples of compartimentalization 

