COMPARATIVE ANIMAL ANATOMY

First cycle degree in ANIMAL CARE

Campus: LEGNARO (PD)

Language: English

Teaching period: Second Semester

Lecturer: MARCO VINCENZO PATRUNO

Number of ECTS credits allocated: 9


Syllabus
Prerequisites: Students are required to have knowledge of general and cell biology.
Examination methods: Written and practical test
Course unit contents: The course will focus on structural and functional evolution of selected organ systems in representative species among vertebrates.
One part of the course will review the principals of the comparative anatomy and the evolutionary relationships among vertebrates. In the remainder of the course, structure of organs and their organization will be interpreted in terms of their embryological development, morphological and functional adaptations (in big cats, elephants, giraffes and cetaceans). The course presents the microscopic and gross anatomy of selected carnivores, herbivores, lagomorphs, rodents, fishes, birds, reptiles, utilizing laboratory applications as a basis for anatomical understanding. Other disciplines such as histology will also be included when they assist in anatomical comprehending.
Lectures, laboratories and seminars will be included as part of the course. The laboratory part will require the active participation of students in the dissection and examination of major organ systems. The laboratory is a required part of the course.

The course lectures cover:
- Development and organization of the animal body plan
- Muscoskeletal system of vertebrates and adaptation for terrestrial locomotion, swimming and flight (8hrs)
- Integumentary system and sense organs (6 hrs)
- Digestive system (6hrs)
- Respiratory system (4 hrs)
- Urinary system (4 hrs)
- Reproductive system (6 hrs)
- Heart (4hrs)
The laboratory part of the course includes:
- The dissection of bony and cartilaginous fishes, reptiles (Testudines and Squamata orders), birds (chicken, pigeon) and mammalian cadavers in necropsy room.
- The study of skeleton in the comparative osteology room.
- The study of the organ structure in the microscope room